We are bringing you tips and tricks so you can easily determine your skin type! To recognize and determine your skin type are the first steps to choosing the right facial care.
Choosing the right skin care product is very often the biggest challenge for any woman. Various external influences, diet and hormones have the effect that the structure of the skin changes over time, so the products we used until then no longer work effectively on our skin and we feel as if we do not provide our skin with any nutrients. Precisely because our skin changes from time to time, we should always re-examine what our skin looks like, what it feels like to touch and what our skin condition is.
Before you start looking for new products that will be your daily skin care routine and to be able to afford the skin the care it needs, take a few minutes and solve our facial skin test, answer 10 short questions and find out which ones is your skin type, to choose exactly those products that your skin needs. After completing the test, we have prepared a short guide for you through all 4 skin types with many useful tips to help you properly care for your skin.
Facial skin type test
1. What does your facial skin look like after you wake up?
- shiny and oily skin everywhere
- it's a little shiny
- oily nose, forehead and chin
- skin without shine
- like I need to clean my face again
- I feel good
- tightening of the forehead, nose and chin
- I feel my whole face dry and my face tightening
- as if I hadn’t cleaned my face at all
- quite well
- the T-zone of the face needs cleaning again
- my whole face is dry
- face full of bumps
- tender and thickened skin
- something between 1 and 2
- dry and thin skin
- oily and shiny skin with acne
- hydrated and clean skin
- oily to normal skin
- dry and sensitive skin prone to irritations
- large, enlarged, visible and closed pores
- clean and almost invisible pores
- pores visible only on chin, nose and forehead
- invisible pores
- gray or yellowish face
- pink face
- the T-zone of the face is always a different color
- pale face without glow
- gradual tanning of the skin, without burns
- easily, with slight redness
- gradual tanning of the skin, with sunburn
- the skin burns easily and immediately turns red
- make-up repair required every 3-4 hour
- if I fix it around noon, the make up lasts all day
- make up lasts half a day
- make up lasts all day without any repairs
- acne and pimples that still persist
- acne and pimples that disappeared after puberty
- some pimples
- I didn't have acne or pimples at all
Maximum 1 - oily skin
Maximum 2 - normal skin
Maximum 3 - combination skin
Maximum 4 - dry skin
Skin types and the care they need
Skin care should become a routine that you will do every day, and now that you have determined your skin type, choosing the right products to make your facial care routine tailored to you will be a cat's cough. Namely, not every skin type requires the same care, and everyone’s skin is different. One and the same cream, tonic, cleansing lotion and mask does not suit every skin. This is why understanding your skin's needs can make it much easier for you to find the right remedies.
If you determine the skin type correctly, you can choose products that will provide it with proper care. Of course, there is no guarantee that you will be able to achieve a flawless appearance of the skin because some irregularities, such as wrinkles, are unfortunately inevitable. But still, proper skin care irregularities are minimized!
- oily skin
- normal skin
- mixed skin
- dry skin
There are 4 basic skin types. These are oily skin, normal skin, combination skin and dry skin. Each of these skin types not only has certain special characteristics, but also requires special skin care. Therefore, for each skin type it is necessary to use special cosmetic products and apply a special daily hygiene routine that suits it. Now that you know what your facial skin type is, let’s get to know each of them. Below we will say something more about each type of facial skin, what are the characteristics of the skin and what kind of care your face needs.
What is oily skin?
The term "oily" skin is used to describe a skin type characterized by increased sebum production, enlarged pores, lifeless and too shiny skin, and skin prone to acne and redness.
What are the causes of oily skin?
The degree of fat can depend on the time of year or weather conditions, and the cause of excessive oiliness (or worsening of the condition) of the skin can be puberty, hormonal changes due to some other causes, stress, excessive moisture or warmth. Another of the factors that encourage excessive sebum production are genetics, drugs and make-up preparations that cause irritation, or comedogenic cosmetics.
What are the characteristics of oily skin?
Oily skin is characterized by increased sebum secretion because the openings of the sebaceous gland ducts are increased. Oily skin is also characterized by an oily glow that is especially prominent on the T-zone (forehead, nose, chin). The pores are enlarged and clearly visible, and in most cases clogged, so pimples and acne often occur that are difficult to get rid of. This kind of skin is rough, impure and susceptible to infection. It is often disturbed pH, and in addition it is prone to comedones (black and white blackheads) and various forms of acne (acne on the cheeks, acne on the chin, acne on the forehead, hormonal acne, subcutaneous acne, inflamed acne). Mild acne is characterized by blackheads on the face and often on the neck, shoulders, back and chest. In moderate and severe cases, papules (nodules without a visible white or black tip) and pustules (nodules with a noticeable white or yellow dot in the middle) appear, and the skin becomes red and inflamed.
What kind of care does oily skin need?
Compared to other skin types, oily skin requires very good cleansing and detailed makeup removal. It is best to use a water-based makeup remover gel and cleansing foam (See our LAB cleansing foam and makeup remover with herbal extracts, glycerin and panthenol, without SLS). Let your choice be a non-greasy cream, whose light gel structure does not cause clogging of the pores. Light products with a matte effect are the perfect choice for oily skin, with the help of which the unwanted glow disappears from the skin. Use hygiene products that have a balanced pH factor and those that reduce sebum secretion (astringent tonics). Anti-inflammatory preparations, masks and peels are mandatory for oily skin care. Water-based oily skin care products restore the skin's moisture balance without posing a risk for demanding pores, which often accompany oily skin. A healthy diet rich in fruits and vegetables and regular exercise help fight oily skin by keeping the endocrine system in balance. Hydration is needed for oily skin on a daily basis, but be careful not to over-clean your face. People whose skin is oily most often make the mistake of overdoing it, practicing it too often or abusing cosmetics in the belief that using more aggressive products as often as possible is the only way to "exterminate" excess skin oil and irregularities. Of course, this is the wrong way and only leads to a frustrating vicious circle because improperly treated oily skin becomes even more oily and causes even greater inflammation on the skin, that is, it causes new acne. Oily skin care products should contain the following ingredients: AHA and BHA acids, niacinamide, vitamin C, retinol. Take a look at our "Superpower liquid" with AHA glycolic acid, and our LAB face mask and 2in1 day&night face cream with niacinamide that that help oily skin, regulating serum production.
What is normal skin?
"Normal" skin is a term that usually refers to well-balanced skin that is neither too oily nor too dry. If you have this skin type, you are really lucky! A normal skin type has a balanced amount of oil and moisture, which gives it excellent elasticity.
What are the causes of normal skin?
What are the characteristics of normal skin?
Normal-skin is well balanced, with no acne and even in color. It has very few or no flaws, is not overly sensitive, the pores are barely visible, and the shine is healthy. Normal skin is also characterized by fine pores and good blood circulation, which results in a velvety, soft and smooth skin texture, fresh pink color of uniform transparency, no blemishes and which has no tendency to sensitivity. But as a person with normal skin ages, their skin can become dry.
What kind of care does normal skin need?
People with normal skin often don’t worry enough because they think they don’t need extra skin care. But our advice to you is definitely to use a product for normal skin care that will allow you to keep your skin beautiful and healthy for years. Practice cleansing your face every day, and in the evening before going to bed, a moisturizer that contains natural ingredients is recommended and will give your skin the necessary moisture because the type of normal skin dries out with age. Sunscreen with SPF factor is also a recommendation so that UV radiation does not cause premature wrinkles. Take special care during the winter period because if the skin lacks the necessary hydration, the skin loses its radiance, redness and tightness appear. For the care of normal skin, it is desirable to use products that contain emollients and moisturizers. The concentration of active ingredients in them must be balanced so that they act preventively, not therapeutically. The preparations should in no way interfere with the natural regeneration mechanisms that are very active and effective in normal skin. Although your skin has no problems, it needs regular care to stay hydrated and to prevent premature aging. So, cleanse your skin well every morning and evening, apply a nourishing face serum and moisturizing face cream, and once a week use an exfoliator to remove dead skin cells and enjoy healthy and fresh skin! Take a look at our "Superpower liquid" with 5% AHA glycolic acid, which acts as a mild chemical peeling that removes dead skin cells and stimulates skin regeneration, thus solving problems such as blackheads, increased sebum production, hyperpigmentation and scarring ... It is suitable for normal, oily and mixed skin, but also helps with dry skin.
What is mixed skin?
Mixed skin is so called because it is a combination of two skin types: normal to dry and oily skin, or skin with imperfections. Mixed skin in the so-called T-zone, which extends between the forehead, nose and chin, glows and shows small irregularities, while the skin of the cheeks is normal to dry.
What are the causes of mixed skin?
Because combination skin is a combination of oily and dry skin, so its causes arose as a mixture of causes. Oily parts of combination skin are caused by excessive sebum production, while drier parts of mixed skin are caused by a lack of sebum and a related lack of lipids.
What are the characteristics of mixed skin?
This is the most common skin type characterized by oily skin on the central parts of the face, nose and chin, and other parts of the face are normally oily or dry. In certain areas, the skin is dry or normal, and oily in others, especially in the T-zone (nose, forehead, chin). The pores of mixed skin are slightly enlarged, which is why there is a tendency to acne and shine in oily areas.
What kind of care does mixed skin need?
When we talk about the care of mixed skin, the best special care is dry skin, and special care for oily skin. The best choices are moisturizers and those for normalizing sebum secretion. It is also important to mention that with this skin type there are stages during which care products must be changed to avoid excessive oiling of certain parts of the face. Care and cleansing products must therefore be adapted in the mildest way and to the most diverse needs of the skin area. The T-zone needs fat-reducing products, and use mild products such as uric or hyaluronic acid in the cheek areas. Check out our LAB face cream (2in1 day and night cream) and face mask enriched with hyaluronic acid (and other 6 active ingredients).
With the right combination skin care products, your face will be even and radiant. It is important to choose a product that will not stimulate sebum secretion nor will it further dry out the areas around the T-zone. A non-alcoholic facial cleansing lotion is a great choice, and a moisturizer for combination skin types will be great to apply before bed. Also don’t forget about UV protection (see our Sun BABE SPF 50 face cream)!
What is dry skin?
“Dry skin” is used to describe a type of skin that produces less sebum than normal skin. A lack of sebum results in dry skin that lacks the lipids it needs to retain moisture and to build a protective shield against external influences.
What are the causes of dry skin?
Dry skin secretes less sebum due to the lack of lipids that are necessary to retain moisture and maintain the protective layer of the skin. The cause of dry skin (or worsening of normal skin) can be genes, aging, hormonal changes, wind, extreme sun or cold, UV radiation, staying in heated rooms, prolonged hot baths, the action of some ingredients from soaps, cosmetics and detergents, taking some medications or a lack of fats and vitamins A, C and P in the diet.
What are the characteristics of dry skin?
Dry skin type is easy to recognize because this type of skin is prone to wrinkles, pores are barely visible and softness and elasticity are reduced. Such skin is dull, rough and often provides a feeling of tightness. If the dryness of the skin is not treated, peeling, rough appearance with spots, a feeling of tightness and itching may appear on the skin. So dry skin without care easily cracks, peels, is prone to inflammation and irritation. Dry skin is also susceptible to irritation, redness and the risk of infections. Over the years, due to the scarce oil, dry skin becomes susceptible to surface dehydration and becomes dehydrated, sensitive and reduces the possibility of the action of cosmetics.
What kind of care does dry skin need?Due to the above characteristics, if you have dry skin, it is recommended that you start applying cosmetic treatments on time, because the skin will be rich in oil and moisture. Dry skin in particular requires a higher UV factor as sunspots can appear (see our Sun BABE SPF 50 face cream). It is also advisable to use mild cleansers and avoid those with perfumes, and after cleansing do not rub your face with a towel, but pat it dry. Use non-alcoholic milk, oil and water to remove makeup from dry skin. If you have dry skin, it is important that skin care products and your cosmetics do not contain alcohol because it dries the skin. Before the cleansing steps, provide your dry skin with the necessary hydration with preparations that contain natural moisturizing factors. To keep your dry skin intensely hydrated, apply a daily nourishing cream twice a day, followed by a good moisturizing serum or product whose main ingredient is hyaluronic acid, while a moisturizing mask for dry skin is desirable once a week. So, use moisturizers (moisturizer, moisturizing serum, moisturizing mask) and enjoy radiant skin. See extremely regenerative and nourishing LAB face mask and LAB 2in1 day and night face cream with 6 active ingredients.
When caring for dry facial skin, it is necessary to use products that do not irritate the skin and do not contribute to the causes of dry skin, and those care products that are enriched with natural oils and that restore your skin's elasticity. We also recommend that you use creams with a slightly creamier texture in winter and drink enough water to hydrate your skin from the inside out.
Now that we’ve learned what facial skin types exist and, more importantly, what your facial skin type is, you’re ready to start giving your face what it really needs. Use new knowledge and don't settle for less than healthy and well-groomed skin! :)